Published Paper Details:



Femine, partition, refugee problem, 1940s, capitalism, labor movement, Feudalism, Gananatya, Bijan Bhattacharya, Tulsi Lahiri, Digindrachandra Bandyopadhyay.

Bijan Bhattacharya, Tulsi Lahiri and Digindrachandra Bandyopadhyay, the legendary personalities of Bengali theatre literatute and the spearhead of the Gananatya movement, opened a new horizons for Bengali drama. The subjects of those work is a various accounts of the turbulent, tumultuous, domestic and international situation of the turbulent forties. The terrible Great Depression of the 1950s, the hellish situation of Bengal, the starvation of millions of people and the death of epidemics by eating inedible food in the effort to extinguish the fire of stomach, the sale of daughters by fathers for the sake of honor, the sale of wives by husbands and even the scandalous history of women’s self-sale are objectively and poignantly described in their literature. Along with this, the communal riots of 1946, the migration of a large number of scattered people as an inevitable result of the partition, the crisis of existence in foreign countries despite being dominated by the native people, and the struggle for survival are noticeable in their plays. Besides, the final economic crisis of the British-ruled and newly independent India, the exploitation of workers in factories as the evils of capitalist civilization, deprivation, retrenchments of workers, accumulated labor discontent centered on lockouts, strikes, organized labor movements as well as exploitation by landlords and tenants as part of feudal society, peasant deprivation, misc. Deprivation of their land by diplomatic conspiracies and peasant uprisings in protest, Tevaga movement, brilliant chapter of resistance movement for the right of sharecropping has been embodied with deep social analysis in the works of the discussed trio of dramatists. As a matter of fact, Gananatya’s leading personalities, being initiated into Marxist ideals, not only contributed to the end of their literature through exploitation, deprivation and despair, but also sought the direction of liberation of the nation through collective protest and resistance movement. In view of the origin and development of Gananatya, the analysis of the mentioned topics in terms of comparative discussion of prominent and significant dramas of Bijan Bhattacharya, Tulsi Lahiri and Digindrachandra Bandyopadhyay is carried out in the present purpose or article I have tried to reveal this fact in view of the discussion of the creations of these trio Gananatyakar.


Paper ID : tirj/ October 22/article-28

Page No :  231-239

Published In :Volume 2, Issue 4

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) : 

E ISSN : 2583-0848

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License