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Even though the tribal and tribal people living in the society are not compatible with the polite society, these people are the blossoming flowers of Mahasweta Devi’s pen. Mahasweta Devi is a painter of marginal public life. He carried the ‘Honorless Section’ of the society in his writings. He is a personality who has embellished his creation world with people from the Dalit and tribal sections of the society. Almost all parts of his works are full of slanders of backward people. He wrote a number of novels about mid-life sorrows and desires towards the early stages of his career as a writer, he opined – ‘Then I learned to write’. His own words – ‘I learned to write and write again’.

He had to endure many hardships and pains to create the world of literary creation. Besides, many sacrifices have to be made. Intermingled with them over the years to get to know the tribe of society. Not only from the outside, he has visited the Dalit-tribes of the society. Mahasweta Devi became to them ‘Marangdai’ (Grandmother) and Mother. In return, he gave his identity. This is almost impossible for any writer to do. Naveen told Kishore in an interview that while working among the tribals, he broke the middle-class stereotypes, did not follow the so-called social norms, and lived his life independently. Once his work on tribals and his literary creation became one, the two can no longer be separated from his life. Writer Amar Dey said in this regard – “I think, we have to enter Mahasweta’s literature on this basis.” We do not know, never wanted to know, a large population of tribal society in India. Instead of being indifferent to them, I mocked and mocked them. They are repeatedly persecuted, oppressed, displaced and separated from the land. Even after the independence from the British era, the trend continues equally. We have to sit in a stupor after reading that history in Mahasweta’s story.’’

Mahasweta Devi writes about the backward classes of people in the society. He writes about neglected, oppressed, neglected, deprived classes. There is no doubt about it. The tendency to submerge the mind and eyes further down beyond the middle class of the society is as if it is the right of his blood forever.

This time we will enter into the discussion about how Mahasweta Devi has portrayed the lower class life in selected short stories written about the lower class people. A class of people are being exploited, abused, neglected, oppressed every moment. They are fighting all their lives just to survive. It is unimaginable how hard one has to struggle for a handful of rice and salt. In the story of Mahasweta Devi, the subject of ‘rice hunger’ has repeatedly appeared. No writer seems to have used the same subject so many times. This shows that in his rice-centered story, Anna-Bubhukshu people also made rice which is dedicated to the dead in the shrine. Where food is not acceptable according to Shastri’s rules, but the hungry people did not obey that rule. Some notable short stories in this regard are – ‘Bhat’, ‘Mother of the Evening Morning’, ‘Jatidhan’ etc.


Paper ID : tirj/January23/article-13

Page No :  131-138

Published In :Volume 3, Issue 1

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) : 

E ISSN : 2583-0848

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License