Published Paper Details:

Kalidasa in Nature Consciousness : A Survey


Kalidasa, Drama, Sakuntala, Kanva, Cloud, Dushyanta, Alaka, Himalaya.

Why Kalidasa is called poet of nature can be understood by reading any of his poems or dramas. Mahakavi Kalidas has used the nature effectively in his poetry and plays. He is the true shaper of both inner and outer nature of man. He used the nature sometimes as a mood, sometimes as a stimuli and sometime only as an illustration. ‘Rtusamhara’, ‘Raghuvamsa’, ‘Kumarasambhava’, ‘Meghaduta’, ‘Abhijnanashakuntala’ - everywhere there is an identity of his love of nature, the extreme closeness of human life to nature. In “Rtusamhara, he has shown the variation that comes in human life with the variation of season. In ‘Raghuvamsa’, the poet shows his love for nature in the description of natural scenes like frothy ocean, green forest etc, and also the love of hero and heroin in the braking of the sea waves. In describing of the wonderful beauty of Himalayas in the first canto of the epic ‘Kumarasambhava’, In “Meghaduta” yaksha’s unconscious use of cloud as a messenger, in the description of rivers and wonderful beauty of city Alaka – Kalidasa’s love for nature is found. In the drama ‘Abhijnanashakuntala’ also the nature is depicted as one of the main character with other characters like Dushyanta. Sakuntala, Anasuya, Priyambada, Kanva etc. In the words of R.N Tagore, A fairy tale can be written by making nature as a human being and putting words in its mouth but to keep nature as nature and make it so live, so perceptible, so comprehensive, so intimate, to accomplish so much drama by it, which he never seen anywhere else. The nature assumes a central role in all of the Kaladasa’s work. There for there is no fault in awarding Mahakavi Kalidasa as ‘poet of nature’.


Paper ID : tirj/January23/article-28

Page No :  253-258

Published In :Volume 3, Issue 1

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) : 

E ISSN : 2583-0848

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License