Published Paper Details:

Development of Buddhism and its reflection in Bengali literature of Mangalkavya  


Mangal Kavya, Buddhist Literature, Arya Goddess, Loukik Goddess, Buddhist Goddess, Brahminism, Buddha Dharma, Pala Kingdom.

Although there were no early influences of Buddhism in Bangladesh, the influence of this religion increased by the Pala kingdom. Tolerant of all Indian religions, opposed to caste and casteism system, this religion called all people under their broad umbrella. As a result, the whole common people of Bengal began to accept Buddhism more dearly. Brahmanism was patronized by the aristocracy and remained confined to the upper society. On the other hand, the populist trend of Buddhism dominated the vast masses of Bangladesh and this religion was able to harmonize with the secular religion. These gods and goddesses, who have the joint idols of secularism and Buddhism, they were enshrined in the Aryan nobility and once a time established in the Brahmanical temple. Because of this recognition of folk life, Brahmanism paved the way for its self-expansion. Brahminism combined with Buddhist-influenced secularism and the Mangalkavyas emerged as a literature of this combination. Bangladesh also had good relations with Java during the time of King Devpal of the Pala dynasty. The sculptures found in Java testify to that, such as Shiva Buddha, Vishnu Buddha etc. Charyapada is a book written by the laymen of Tantric Buddhism. Buddhists are also known for their skill in writing logic, medicine, astrology, grammar-dictionaries etc. During this period, there was an improvement in various fields of literature. South India's controversial victor Shilabhadra was a student of Professor Baiakaran Chandragomi, who was taught at Nalanda University. Chandragomi wrote Chandravakarana. Buddhists are known for their skill in writing such as Amar kosha. The Kosh has three organelle stages, like Anga, Anekarrtha and the linga. Many knowledge can be found around these three. Various questions have been raised about this ‘Hindu-Buddhist’ doctrine. At the end of the 19th century, Harprasad Shastri was called the culture of Bengal a ‘Pracchanna Bouddha Sanskriti’. His doctrine created a great stir in the history of Bengali literature and culture. In the history of ancient Bengal, the history of Bengali glory that has been written during the period of expansion of Buddhism in Bengal.


Paper ID : tirj/January23/article-3

Page No : 17 – 32

Published In :Volume 3, Issue 1

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) : 

E ISSN : 2583-0848

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License